Michael Granado 4,094 views 21:26 Han Fei and Legalism - Duration: 20:27. American society is far too violent today, and we would be much better off if weapons were shunned instead of purchased (legally or not) and used to commit violent acts. A classroom-wide discussion should be done around possible argumentative claims – which in this context is another way to say, a discussion around the tenets and beliefs of each philosophy. h�Ԙ[O"IǿJ��u�$�a`vd\!��� The Three purities. and has its foundation on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama. Pairs will exchange their argument builders so they can review the arguments that the other side will be making in their discussion. Ancient China – Confucianism vs. Daoism Page 3 Evidence “Weapons are ominous tools.They are abhorred by all creatures. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Directions: Write down 5 important beliefs of Confucianism below. He was a humanist and believed/taught that man was at the highest level. Pairs should submit their work for formative assessment. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. Ғ��PJ7��(���X��t�/_�;�OƳ�_�.�E�Ly:�MN�ӹ'49O_�g�#t�Y2�����a�'�_O��[͞�l��T�J��m�N����r�=̖SiRx6��l�λ�骞�v���-��=���x�신6�%�ַ��]�nq�8,.�ڒ� ��0w*W�Xܿn.�{�l;���Mm-����V���k�z��Ikؿ ��,9�9-�'i���!� ����� Mp�bVG:�X�ៗ���I���|6I��ٷ����/aS���OQH6�pW����}��T�#B�ઈxU3�,�����g����E�XA����%$*��ŕ�ք���\�-i�u]K�f��cQ {�N6^AXjK[�����GU��q!z,D��]�i���b���F�����������j�΋Mw>~�5!��a��؆����Y�5��R �0��p,��Z�!լ��ë�A�h��hxC�Ю�>�ͦ�XN�-��Fx�(�ƫ� ,kݦ��W�'l�����P�� : �� 9�* x�8g"�l��`��|ԯ(�k��;d0� Finally, this project is an example of the way that an argument-centered approach has the agility to incorporate varied curricular resources — in this instance, some SHEG (Stanford History Education Group) document excerpts and background information. • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism all have their own outlook on the fundamental ideas, general objectives, individual aims, perspective about life in general, codes of conduct, perception of the society where they belong and certainly their influence on the Chinese culture and tradition. 1. Another student should be chosen at random to paraphrase the quotation. Pairs can be given a choice over which position to take, as long as there ends up with a balance between the two positions, or they can be assigned a position. Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. Saddened by society's lack of goodness, Lao-tzu decided to leave his home in … The two great indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of China, Daoism and Confucianism, originated about the same time (6th–5th century BCE) in what are now the neighboring eastern Chinese provinces of Henan and Shandong, respectively. Confucianism emerged to dominate the other schools that had developed in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China such as Daoism (), Mohism, and Legalism, all of which had criticised Confucianism (c. 400–c. Though there are significant Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, and Korean immigrant communities in Greater Boston, East Asian traditions such as Confucianism, Daoism, and Shintō are difficult to survey as there are very few religious centers. Test. Daoism is generally attributed to the thinking of Lao Tzu, a Chinese philosopher of the late fifth century BCE. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 … • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. via GIPHY. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. Geographical distribution and predominance (Majority or strong influence) Mainly in Thailand, Cambodia, Sri lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Japan, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. This project incorporates material from the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) project on this topic. 200 B.C.).  Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism are all forms of different ways of thinking. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. Daoism and Confucianism also agree that all people are born good and deserve to be rewarded by their governments and not being punished. The father of Taoism is considered to be Lao Tzu, a mystic who lived in the sixth century BC. Confucianism and Daoism are both ways of thinking and styles of life. Similar to Confucianism, Laozi taught Daoism, and the main concept of Daoism was that “the only human actions that ultimately make sense are those which are in accord with the flow of Nature – the Tao.” Daoists attempted to solve the problem by proclaiming that violence and the idea of violence itself defied the Way of Nature, implying it was not allowed in Daoism. Distribute argument builders, one per student. Most believe in One God, but this is not necessary since Confucianism is not a religion but a belief system about social ordering. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). Distribute counter-argument builders, one per student. Follow the Earth. h�bbd```b``��� �q�du�,+����e`�s0yL��ɓ@�����"�@��li7 D�?���yc����H�I �#H�+�e`�g�%�t"�30]` �Oa endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 86 0 obj <>stream Confucianism became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in the long course of history, it drew on Taoism and Buddhism. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism Confucianism is a system of ethical reasoning founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius. The government of the People’s Republic of China officially espouses atheism, though Chinese civilization has historically long been a cradle and host to a variety of the most enduring religio-philosophical traditions of the world. PLAY. Website design by, Classroom-Embedded Implementation Coaching, Dismantling Racially-Motivated Arguments for Exclusion, ACCIS-ing Chess in a Critical Thinking Rich Classroom, Exercising Response and Refutation in Interpreting ‘Interpretater of Maladies’, AWE-some Reasoning Through Interpretive Arguments on ‘Caramelo’, Dartmouth Institute for Writing and Rhetoric, International Debate Education Association, Published today in the Chicago Tribune on the electoral debate debacle and what it says about education. Confucianism and Daoism. Very little is known of his life; he may not even have existed. Daoism is known to be created by the legendary Lao Zi. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the environment 20 years ago, the Daoists traced four principles. The mass killings in Las Vegas is only the most recent example of this country’s love of guns and tolerance of violence. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. Taoism. Flashcards. Students can use their counter-argument builders for notes. Daoism arose at a similar time to It can therefore be concluded that: … As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. An English translation was published in 1951 and several editions have been released since. He eventually took a position as head librarian of the Imperial Archives. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. Crossref Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … When studying the ancient China in a world studies curriculum, one of the cultural touchstones are the vastly influential and lasting philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder. Confucianism and Taoism, later joined by Buddhism, constitute the “three teachings” that have shaped Chinese culture. A[a��݃A�D���(�A .U]��VU.�,J�~JOVYb"Yf'�m+�k�b���/ʩuTtk}�6���G�g�s,J�V��Lu�ܟ��3ΎZ�pVّFfMc:Ͽ��g_J@ޛm�v�L��A?�c���3q$�xJU�SC���p�]u�C�"fMP�_��/�� m�E`K�?�� �]f�x|֠��2<. By the 12th century, Confucianism had evolved into a rigid philosophy that calls for preserving Students should be encouraged to respond to each other’s points, though they can also concede points where they feel inclined to. Great to use as a bell ringer, someth. Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient China.Variously described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life, Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular or folk religion. Each counter-argument can be one of three types. Confucianism deals with social matters, while Taoism concerns itself with the search for meaning. Anyone who follows the Way shuns them” [Tao Te Ching chapter 31]. Foolish Musings 2,808 … The most effective system would be Legalism, because it's stable, strict and strong. Through the influence of buddhism. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … When all the Confucianism quotations have been read, students should identify their most favorite and least favorite in a quick-write, a few of which can be shared out. Crossref . Which would led to a powerful nation. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow, primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son. The differences in all of these philosophies is what makes them unique, they are, in my opinion, way beyond their own time period. Confucius lived during what years? Taoism became well-known in the eighth century C.E. Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Confucianism & Daoism Zoraostrianism Baháʼí Wilbur Award Clips & Essays About Confuciansim & Taoism What is Confucianism The first video below comes from Bettany Hughes' series, Genius of the Ancient World. Confucianism and Daoism - Duration: 21:26. They should get feedback, and their argument builders returned for revision. Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). Confucianism. Match. Document _____ Use evidence from the document and your knowledge of Confucianism and Daoism to support your answer. o Li Daoism believes in non-violence and rejects the use of weapons against other human beings. Get help with your Confucianism homework. If I have to choose one of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism as a governing system. The post below includes resources which focus on the way that arguments can be made about the desirability of certain systems of thought and the values they inscript. 551-479 B.C.E. In the following centuries, it existed alongside Buddhism and Confucianism (another philosophical religion). In the beginning, so the Chinese legends say, there was only chaos and from this chaos emerged Yin and Yang, two primordial opposing forces which, when they interacted with one another, brought forth the universe. Beginning with the Confucianism quotations, going around the circle, each student should stand and read a quotation, slowly and loudly. Students should write a detailed summary of their discussion, which includes an evaluation of who made the strongest arguments and why, as a summative assessment. The masterwork here is the Tao Te Ching, generally translated as The Classic of the Way and Virtue. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring … Conversely, the Buddhists on their part firmly have the objective to achieve the perfect state of nirvana and pursue the four noble truths (Huston, 1991; Smart, 2000). They are abhorred by all creatures. Daoism has also exerted great influence over Asian and world cultures and worldviews through the centuries. Confucianism and Taoism, later joined by Buddhism, constitute the “three teachings” that have shaped Chinese culture. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. Lao-tzu, translated as either "Old Master" or "Old Boy," is believed to be the author of Taoism. h�b```f``ra`e`��ab@ !�(� G�a��I�N3d��w(Xİj挕 ʙf�]��PaiN�BIV��'4��ps�����m�����{'�4M[��%���DC�U��@ ��zl"�b1��0200��[`pA|�#�F�sn �O8L���!���� Have students define key terms. According to myth, at his birth around 604 B.C.E., Lao-tzu came from the womb as an old man, white-haired and full of wisdom. Confucianism would wax and wane in influence through subsequent Chinese dynasties, though its presence is quite clearly felt throughout Asian societies till this day. Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. as the religion of the Tang dynasty. These different “thought processes” are considered, in different ways, a big influence on different cultures. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. The fundamental values and theories of Confucianism are akin to that of Taoism in as far as both beliefs desire harmony and proper conduct. (3) The counter-argument can say that this belief shouldn’t be embraced by everyone today, or that it isn’t as important as beliefs held by its side’s philosophy. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. ��@;�|�9�/P�"��}ؐ��n�����]hC(і07G8��P"� ��1�͈�QI�$�)J�"L E�h`����.T���t\�B[ˈ0�ˉp�DR�J"���*"�4�ӧ��ͳ��)�x��f%��v�˖9��c�1�L�����JSb`��0���Ni���� �.V�d����⬗��K���w�[�� ��� �2X�JU�v�6t��t��較*��_�M��S�Ϧ�9�F'g�,iq(����^L���^n[� Confucianism. To … Students (in fours, two pairs of two) are ready now for an argument-based small group discussion. Distribute the SHEG document excerpts and the Confucianism and Daoism quotations. “Weapons are ominous tools. How Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism shaped Chinese Culture Article By Julian Scott. View Notes - Confucianism and Daoism from HIST 101 at Catherine Mcauley High School. Only $2.99/month. If possible, collect the counter-argument builders and offer feedback on these, for revision. But they emerge from and flow through a shared cultural context and historical time. The “Way,” which is the sacred path for living to Daoism, has people fully committed to non-violence and even to “abhorring” and “shunning” all weapons. Explain that students do not to take the position that people should convert to one of these philosophies or religions, but that one or the other should be more influential. Created by. Confucianism from the moment of its birth has a fundamental difference with the ideology of religions, especially in matters of people, concern for people, life and the enjoyment of life. Lao Tzu's thought influenced the governing of Huang-Lao, and Confucianism was respected by Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, but their thought did not go beyond the practice of politics, and had not great achievement in the realm of thought itself. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. Types: Worksheets, Activities, Homework. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the … STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document C (Modified) Chien Wu went to see Chief Yu. 1. "The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism" (original Free Press edition 1951) is one of a number of works by the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) published in English translation only long after his death, during a post-World-War II boom in Anglo-American interest in his writing. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. Both Confucianism and Daoism(Taoism) provide principles that are versatile from each other. Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Access the answers to hundreds of Confucianism questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Write. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. Basically, these three religions underscore living in harmony with nature and fellow humans. Contact: ggcoe83@gmail.com. (3) They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. The people of the nation would be fully devastated because of the disorder in their country. In Confucianism everyone had a rule that they had to follow. With the quotations, the following activity should be used. Photo from Wikimedia. Browse. There is no evil without some good, no beauty without some ugliness, no life without death. Download Pdf. This consistency will scaffold argument building on this issue for students who are not more advanced in their academic argumentation skills. Pairs should be grouped with pairs taking the other position. • Confucianism and Daoism [Stanford History Education Group/SHEG] In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. The discussion can begin with each side offering up its two arguments, then it can proceed without formal speech sequence. 200 B.C.). Confucianism is a ethical, philosophical, and moral system established by the famous Confucius. Subjects: Social Studies - History, World History, Asian Studies. posted by UK, September 14, 2018. Daoism - Daoism - Religious goals of the individual: The Confucian sage (sheng) is viewed as a ruler of antiquity or a great sage who taught humanity how to return to the rites of antiquity. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." One of Confucius's disciples, Mencius, (c. 372–c. Students should be told that the SHEG close reading questions are to be adjusted from “the three features of an ideal government” to “the three features of the proper way to live with others.”  Students should discuss the responses to these questions and complete one set of questions, submitting them for formative assessment. He also Buddhism, on the other hand, is a religion from ancient India, dating back to the sixth century B.C. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. Gravity. 43 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<17EBD5A80062442589F10C471E9E7151>]/Index[43 44]/Info 42 0 R/Length 115/Prev 211798/Root 44 0 R/Size 87/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Search. They should get guidance and support as they need. While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. These discussions – taking place simultaneously – should last about 25 minutes. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism | Sutori Buddhism was … Confucianism is a humanistic philosophy, which places great weight on filial piety and respect for elders; a commitment to hard work as essential; and the universal values of compassion, justice, and courage. World Religions. Log in Sign up. • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. Do the same for the Daoism quotations. The arguments that they build will consist of a claim that specifies a belief of the philosophy they are arguing for, evidence that quotes text (a quotation or a passage from a SHEG document) that demonstrates that philosophy includes the belief identified in the claim, and reasoning that both explains how the evidence evinces the belief and describes why it is that this belief should be embraced and adopted by people today. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were 3 philosophies. (c. 400–c. Confucius believed in societal harmony by government not nature. between human beings. Start studying Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular … That is, all of them have their palpable impact in the region called East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau). The outcome: an argument-based small group discussion project on Confucianism and Daoism. Let’s look at their main characteristics. �G�Uu .�e`� ��� � ��P� endstream endobj 44 0 obj <> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <>stream Learn. Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are considered as East Asian religions. o Yi describes the actions that are inherently right, good, and moral. In different views, the only similarity that keeps on appearing in the structure of ethics that is received in both these practices as both these practices focus on self-improvement. The purpose of this activity is to bring students in closer to these highlights from each philosophy. Despite the different distinctive features in each of the philosophies, the two complemented each other and it was believed that for one to be considered complete: he/she had to measure up to the two philosophies. Diffen › Philosophy › Religion. 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