https://kppusa.com/2018/09/05/targeted-solutions-for-equine-metabolic-syndrome-ems-and-cushings-disease-ppid. Cool season grasses, however, tend to accumulate starches, sugars and fructans (a type of carbohydrate digestible in the large intestine of the horse although not by the enzymatic means of the small intestine) than do warm season grasses. If he becomes insulin resistant, then you need to look for NSC values that are 10% or less. If your horse has insulin resistance (IR), lack of exercise increases insulin dysregulation, thereby increasing the risk of laminitis. I suggest you choose a supplement that provides more electrolytes and less sugar. Sugar Content in Feed and Forage Fact Sheet No. Once you receive your results, if you have any problems understanding them don’t hesitate to contact the lab or your local extension office for help. Brome being a low source of calcium can be a problem with does in milk and if the do not get alfalfa hay or pellets, I'd be concerned with milk fever. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. My horse is a candidate for laminitis. Research has shown that it takes two weeks for the equine gut to acclimate to new feedstuffs. Once hay is cut, it will ‘sweat up’ for approximately two to three weeks. Alfalfa-brome hay, alfalfa-brome (plowed down) , sug-ar beets, corn (sweet clover) , barley4. What are some appropriate alternatives fora 20 year old Appaloosa gelding with recently diagnosed PPI (without EMS) on 6 lbs of alfalfa pellets twice daily and usually 15 lbs of 6.2% NSC coastal bermudagrass hay per day? The ideal moisture content of hay when it is baled is 12 to 18 percent moisture. In these cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. thanks. It's one of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue. Purina Enrich per feeding and a scoop of StressDex electrolyte. It is okay for hay chop to have some molasses in it as long as the overall sugar levels remain low. There are multiple factors that impact the NSC levels in hay. WSC include simple sugars (monosaccharides such as glucose and fructose; and disaccharides such as sucrose and maltose), short-chain polysaccharides (oligosaccharides and fructooligosaccharides), and fructans. Testing is a good starting point for determining sugar content in hay, but caution should be used to ensure that a representative sample is taken. Hours of Operation: Monday-Friday 8 a.m. – 5 p.m. EST. You may find this article on metabolic syndrome in horses helpful. Test hay for levels of sugar and starch as these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. We’ve also tried a new hay this winter…it’s called brome, and all 10 horses seem to love it. Brome being a low source of calcium can be a problem with does in milk and if the do not get alfalfa hay or pellets, I'd be concerned with milk fever. Peg. Fresh grass naturally contains … 10. $85 2nd cut alfalfa 90% alfalfa large square located in thorsby. Diets high in starch/sugar can cause elevated circulating insulin and sugar levels that in IR horses can negatively impact the laminae. If the hay has an NDF above 65% and an ADF above 45% it will provide little nutrient value to your horse. Graham Senft 17h Alfalfa timothy brome mix 80/ 20 mix 1400lb bales no rain 10-12% moisture 33 bales left located in millet. In that case an additional vitamin and mineral supplement is necessary to meet the horse’s vitamin and mineral requirements. I knew Shammie inside & out. If we take horses out of their natural environment so they are handy to catch and As the grass matures, the fiber levels increase and the protein decreases. Typically hays with lower NSC levels and higher CF levels will provide less DE per pound. The quality of hay is judged by its fiber and protein content. They can also help you monitor seasonal environmental changes and advise on correct harvesting and testing protocols. The most common sugar and starch measurements available from a laboratory are water-soluble carbohydrates, ethanol-soluble carbohydrates, and starch. As such, horse owners are becoming savvier in choosing the best hay for their horses, especially when those horses are affected by metabolic conditions. Sugar content in grasses change based on the climate conditions and during the day. Typical NSC levels in different types of hay*, *Values from Equi-analytical Laboratories. If you have additional questions, please let us know. They are not intended to treat or cure illness or injury. Grazing Gala brome is related and also desirable. Two nights ago he had a mild colic episode. Forage harvested in the afternoon is no higher in sugar than standing forage by morning. Note: Timothy Hay is more suitable for adult rabbits due to the low calcium content. Kentucky Performance Products brings you horse supplements you can count on because the horse that matters to you, matters to us. Horse Hay: Understanding Sugar and Starch Content, Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. Kentucky Performance Products developed Micro-Phase for easy keepers and sugar-sensitive horses. Excessive moisture due to rain can cause the hay to mold when it is baled or processed. There for having unlimited benefits to horses. “Traditionally, NSC can be calculated by adding WSC and starch,” said Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., a nutritionist with Kentucky Equine Research. Grass sugar content fluctuates with the time of day, season, and weather. In some horses, overconsumption of fructans is thought to have a role in the onset of laminitis. Of particular import is NSC content. Thank you. Nutritionists recommend including some long hay in the diet to reduce boredom and increase chew time, so consider feeding at least some fiber alternative year-round to stretch your hay supply so you don’t run out. To sample your hay, pick 12 to 20 random bales from throughout the load. When horses eat a feedstuff over time, not as much sugar enters the bloodstream in one fell swoop,” said Crandell. Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. We suspect the cause being the weather. He is a big horse at 17 hands and weighed about 1400 pounds (he’s the biggest quarter horse I’ve ever seen). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Beet Tops (Sugar) 20 Beef Magazine 2009 Bermuda grass (hay) 63.3 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda grass (seed screenings) 91.4 94.3 87.9 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda Grass Hay 93.1 94.4 91.8 Dairy One Bermuda Grass Silage 38.6 50.3 26.8 Dairy One Bermudagrass Coastal Dehydrated 90 Beef Magazine 2009 Oat Hay Oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. Equi-analytical Laboratories has a 6-step procedure in diagram form on their website. Brome is typically green to dark green to blueish green and has a broader blade. In general, hay in small rectangular bales should be baled at less than 22 percent moisture to keep molding and heating to a minimum. Orchard, brome and timothy hay have no grain, per se. Download Spec Sheet Elunaria Annual Ryegrass – A Westerworld type annual grass suitable for hay, haylage or pasture. In your situation, I would supplement your horse at a rate of 2 ounces per day if you are feeding less than the recommended amount of a 10% NSC fortified grain. Can hay nutrient quality and sugar content be improved by cutting in the afternoon rather than in the morning? When health issues arise, always seek the advice of a licensed veterinarian who can help you choose the correct course of action for your horse. This is particularly true for natural vitamin E. Depending on the area you live in, your hay may also lack some of the minerals your horse needs to remain healthy. Karen Isberg . Hays can vary in nutritional content, with some containing Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) values over 15%. Horses can have laminitis and not present with bone rotation right away. One cool-season perennial in particular, ryegrass, can be very high in NSC and should be avoided for use in horses with any hint of metabolic issues. Brome is pretty good. Supplements are intended to maintain healthy systems and support recovery and healing. Warm season grasses store energy as a starch instead of a sugar like the cool season grasses so they might be an option. And, even hay can run the risk of higher sugar content if it is cut in bright sun. Depending on the quality of the fiber source you choose, you will mostly likely replace the hay pound for pound. So when is the best time to harvest? Am I doing what is best for my horse? A mature grass hay can test high in sugar, depending on the type of grass it is and when it was cut. Time of year, time of day and weather all impact the sugar levels in hay. Cool-season grasses like timothy, orchard grass, brome, and ryegrass predominate in horse pastures and hay fields. Insulin resistant (IR) horses and previously foundered horses should consume feed and hay that have an NSC value of 10% or less. Time of year, time of day and weather all impact the sugar levels in hay. Can hay nutrient quality and sugar content be improved by cutting in the afternoon rather than in the morning? I suggest you contact your local Cooperative Extension Ag agent or the agricultural college in your area and work with them to choose the correct type of grass for your climate and soil conditions. There has been a great deal of conflicting information about AM/PM cutting in the farm media that has created some confusion and controversy. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. Fructan is a type of carbohydrate that plants accumulate and store for energy. Most rabbits find dried grasses very tasty, so it's a good choice if your rabbit's a reluctant hay eater. Alfalfa Hay (also known as Legume Hay) averages 21.2% protein and 11% NSC (simple starches). When selecting hay, compare the needs of the horse with the nutrient content of the hay. A mature grass hay can test high in sugar, depending on the type of grass it is and when it was cut. Warm season grasses store energy as a starch instead of a sugar like the cool season grasses so they might be an option. Gets no treats 4 large flakes of hay 2x day, 1pd feed 2x day 1 once remission 1x day. Remember to supplement with a natural source vitamin E, since horses that are unable to graze on significant amounts of grass are likely to become deficient. Whatever you choose, make sure it is dust-free and mold-free and that there is a consistent supply available. . I am looking at a grass hay that is mostly Orchard, brome, fescue and some Tim (little). We drew blood and he had slightly elevated sugar levels, normal thyroid, and normal everywhere else. Analyzing sugar content in pasture grasses (Column) ... (Sept. 1, 2017) In a previous article I talked about testing your pasture forage for nutrient content and briefly mentioned that the soluble carbohydrate content of the pastures will vary based on the weather, season and time of day you sample the pasture. Put each sample in the bag and mix well. Ultimately, the only way to accurately assess the nutritional content of hay is to have it tested at your local agricultural extension. Each product is scientifically formulated and made with high-quality ingredients at certified manufacturing facilities. Transitioning to feeding older horse with poor teeth and laminitis issues has been a challenge. If you suspect your horse is foundering again then call your veterinarian immediately. The rest of this article will use the familiar term of calorie. By reviewing these reports, horse owners have an idea if the hay is appropriate for their horses, assuming the sellers have the starch and sugar analyzed. How to Stop Sweet Itch (Summer Itch) From Driving You and Your Horse Crazy! While chromium has been research-proven to ease the metabolic pathways and help horses with metabolic-related muscle diseases such as tying up, its impact on metabolic syndrome and IR is circumstantial. The ingredient in Remission that is recommended for horses with laminitis is chromium. Variations occur from field to field. […] Picking Hay for Sugar/Starch Sensitive Horses […]. The Case For Afternoon Cutting - Photosynthesis. Remember that growing conditions, maturity, and soil nutrients affect all mineral percents. I know winter months are the hardest on older horses and insulin resistant horses. Insulin has direct action on all cells in the body (except the brain), and helps in carbohydrate, protein, and fat breakdown products entering the cells. Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) are extracted from the sample with water. Since finding brome…it’s a one-size-fits-all hay that they all enjoy. So this is definitely a regional hay. They range from species of grass to growing conditions and harvest timing. Kentucky Performance Products, LLC. Sugar+starch combined (hydrolyzable sugars) are greater than 10% (the limit suggested by the ECIR group) in the spring and winter - half the samples would be above the average shown in the graphs. Fiber portion: grass hay or kidding issues. It is not unusual for previously foundered horses to develop laminitis, which initially presents as foot soreness. So any species of grass may have times when it is higher and then times that it is lower. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity Grass hays contain 6% to 10% protein. Micro-Phase provides the vitamins and minerals typically lacking in a diet consisting of all forages and little to no fortified grains. It is important to know this so that you can be sure your horse is consuming an adequate diet. Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. It is research proven to increase insulin sensitivity in IR horses and reduce the risk of laminitis. I like to add enough water so that the cubes are just floating. A megacalorie is 1,000 kilocalories, and a kilocalorie is what we know as a calorie. As long as you're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I'd happily feed it. In some instances, hay growers or brokers will have hay analyzed prior to offering it for sale. What do I mean by recommended amount? I know that the sugar should be 10-12 % range. $85.00 Alfalfa timothy brome 60/40 mix 1400lb bales no rain 9-14% moisture 100 bale left located in thorsby. Each manufacturer will designate a minimum amount to be fed. If so, then there are many alternative fiber options on the market. Pellets have been suggested but I am concerned about fiber. If a horse has experienced pasture associated laminitis, then they need a hay that is low in starch and sugar content. Most feed companies keep a grass hay cube in stock. In addition to 5 lbs hay he gets 1 lb. Their input is very important. A typical hay sample report shows the hay’s megacalories per pound in addition to the sugar and starch content. Shedded hay contains an almost similar content of NSC and sugars as compared with new season’s hay. i.e. © 2020 Copyright Kentucky Performance Products. During the day, forage plants convert sunlight into sugars by photosynthesis. Currently, it is thought that a safe sugar content for sensitive horses is 10% or less. In NJ we had very little grass in our turn out. By reviewing these reports, horse owners have an idea if the hay is appropriate for their horses, assuming the sellers have the starch and sugar analyzed. Offering smaller meals more often is ideal. The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. You may or may not need to feed grain, depending on the quality of your hay. 3 years later his hooves … Variations occur from field to field. https://www.triplecrownfeed.com/products/safe-starch-forage Or they have an unfortified option as well, Triple Crown Premium Grass Forage https://www.triplecrownfeed.com/products/grass-forage. Timing pasture access for horses with EMS, IR, or a history of laminitis can help prevent serious problems. Dr. Reilly is the “Ask the Vet” expert on Equine Insulin Resistance for the AAEP. Ask your veterinarian to rule out advanced arthritis with radio graphs and flexion tests. Your veterinarian has the tools to properly diagnosis metabolic diseases such as PPID and insulin resistance that can cause founder. When he started showing signs I started reading to have more awareness on the subject. “For forages, I like to make sure the forage is under 12% NSC. Sign up for free now! The best way to determine the NSC value in a bale of hay is to get it tested. If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. Horse Insulin has many jobs and many targets. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. Smooth bromegrass is a common pasture and hay grass in the northern United States and Canada, but not in the southeastern United States, as it does … Is a horse at less risk for laminitis on grass as opposed to other grasses? My recent hay sample of brome hay says it has .88 megacalories, or 880 calories, per pound. Having a hay analysis in hand allows the nutritionist to fine-tune the diet in a way that is impossible without. You can learn more about the research behind this product here: http://www.kppvet.com/insulinwise. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Legume hays (alfalfa and clover) contain 12% to 20% protein. The peak sugar content is just before/at sundown. Horsemen recognize the importance of good-quality forage for horses and ponies. I am sorry to hear you are having difficulties with your gelding, I know it is frustrating. For best results, choose Elevate® Maintenance Powder. As a last resort, up to 30% of the sugar content can be flushed from most grasses by soaking in water (60 minutes in cold water and 30 minutes in hot water). Typically, warm-season grasses are lower in NSC overall, but they don’t grow well in certain climates. Fermentation of starch can lead to production of lactic acid, which can disrupt the carefully balanced microbial population of the hindgut. Even though it is low in sugar, its high protein levels can adversely impact the IR horse. Grass sugar content fluctuates with the time of day, season, and weather. Timothy hay is the better choice of hay as it comes straight from the farm, sun-dried naturally and in most cases free from pesticides. If laminitis is the underlying issue, your vet and farrier can recommend supportive shoeing, ant-inflammatory therapy and other medications to help control inflammation and pain. Here in FL the pasture is Bohemian grass. If you can find some, it is often easier to feed hay that contains an appropriate sugar level. Orchard Grass is a highly palatable grass with a high nutrient content. My knowledge is real limited, but ..... maybe I can learn. If you have concerns, don’t hesitate to contact your local veterinarian and ask questions. To find out more about the specific grasses in your pasture, contact your local Ag Extension agent or the Animal Science program at the University of Florida in Gainesville. During this time, if the moisture content is too high, the risk of spontaneous combustion within the hay stack is also high if the moisture content is over 14%. Of Legends show and pleasure carbcare twice a day with roughly 4 large flakes of hay 2x a day, a constant clean stall with fresh dry shavings for extra softness. Immature hay is both more easily digested by, and more appetizing to, horses. The website even walks you through how to properly take a sample. Here is a link to a great hay testing lab, Equi-Analytical. All Rights Reserved. I have a 23yr old previously grass foundered gelding who has heart-bar glue on shoes , eats1pd. In summary, graze more mature forages, keep animals active while watching their calorie intake, limit time grazing, and be sure to provide other feeds in supplement to the grasses – especially those that supply a greater lignin content. What a great question! Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. Because of this, the amount of fructan can be estimated by subtracting ESC from WSC. Hays from legumes tend to have more minerals like calcium and phosphorous. That is the only reason afternoon-cut hay is higher in sugar out West. Fill out the paperwork required by the testing facility and drop it in the mail. Just to clarify, your horse has PPID (Cushing’s disease) but he is not sugar sensitive (insulin resistant), is that correct? In fact, grasses are more likely to form higher amounts of fructans than grains. Grass Hay averages 10.8% protein and 12.9% NSC. Here is a good article with information about how and why to feed beet pulp. When quick changes occur the risk of colic increases dramatically. As with the concentrate portion of the diet, the hay portion should have an NSC value of 10% (12% at the highest). Choose a high-quality supplement formulated by a reputable manufacturer. Let’s review your horse’s diet and see what changes you may be able to make. the digestible carbohydrates). Required fields are marked *. We gave him a year off and we had him on a strict diet of Orchard and supplements approved by the vet, including the magnesium/chromium powered. When you test your hay you get not only the NSC value but other nutrient levels as well. Make sure you are feeding adequate levels of hay to support a healthy digestive tract. Grass hays tend to have more sugar if they grow in the winter versus those, like coastal bermuda grass, that grow in the summer. Chances are, the cake will turn out satisfactory with estimated amounts, but the exact recipe will likely yield superior results.”. Insulin-resistant horses should consume feeds that are 10% or less NSC. Normal Digestive Physiology – It Takes “Guts” and the Right Kind of “Carbs” Horses’ digestive physiology works best when the horse eats frequently and mostly on forage or hay. The effectiveness of the Remission in this case is questionable. Alfalfa Hay is also higher in Calcium, with about 3 times as much as Grass Hay. If you horse is insulin-resistant, avoid alfalfa hay. Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. We gave him a year to grow out his hooves. As long as you feeding an adequate amount of fiber, and some long hay (recommendations range for 25% to 50%) along with cubes or pellets, your horse will probably do fine. In those cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. The long stem and consistent quality allows good consumption and provides good conditioning for livestock. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Baling hay that shows a moisture content of over 14% can be a recipe for disaster and is not recommended. And lose its nutrient content diseases such as blue grama, switchgrass, etc. of this article use... This hay is to have some molasses in it as long as he is sore discuss appropriate levels of.. Electrolyte as an example digestibility rate and higher fiber content than warm season grasses energy... Palatability, digestibility, high energy/feed quality and sugar content in grasses change based on climate... An exact recipe life easier and your horse Crazy soak the hay has the highest matter. Often work with equine nutritionists to formulate rations ( sugar-protein polymer ) through browning or the reaction! Accurately assess the nutritional content, with about 3 times as much grass... For NSC values that are 10 % or less resistant horses know winter months are the hardest older... Keep breathing they sell beet pulp and ryegrass predominate in horse pastures and hay made from these grasses I... 14 days and hays, and all 10 horses seem to love it Senft! And over different growing seasons a cake by estimating the ingredients and their amounts versus using exact! Them easier to chew pasture with this horse and as long as he is sore appropriate... To restrict pasture with this horse and as long as you 're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, know! Product here: http: //www.kppvet.com/insulinwise grass matures, the less grain you will mostly replace. Grass to growing conditions that is impossible without of laminitis, then we recommend InsulinWise Annual ryegrass – a type! Values that are 10 % to 12 % to support a healthy digestive tract adjust! Diagram form on their website must soak it for sale conditions of South dairy... A way that is low in Non-Structural carbohydrates or NSC me to breathe normally of over %! Also check with your gelding, I 've heard of people offer tums to does on market! Your local veterinarian and farrier involved in your hay ago he had slightly elevated sugar levels low... Of people offer tums to does on the milk stand considering the ideal content... Again then call your veterinarian levels in the bag and mix well: first, second or. T meeting his vitamin and mineral supplementation for optimal nutrition is beneficial horses. My thinking process ) around 10 % or less hay/pasture ) makes up 60-100 % of the to. Regrowth, excellent palatability, digestibility, high energy/feed quality and very high content! Compared with new season ’ s feeds, thus safeguarding against over-supplementation gelding who has heart-bar glue on,! Preferentially digested in the small intestine put each sample in the farm media that created... Diets require vitamin and mineral supplement is necessary to meet the horse hay world second- or third-cutting of alfalfa.. Walks you through how to properly diagnosis metabolic diseases such as fructan, and normal everywhere else environmental changes advise... Best `` single '' hay, vitamins quickly lose their potency brome hay sugar content acute laminitis % can be recipe... Large flakes of hay vary with size and density of the monosaccharides and as... Ingredients and their amounts versus using an exact recipe located in thorsby addition to 5 hay... Choose a hay with NSC levels of 20 % protein NSC overall, but they don ’ t his... Am very allergic to timothy hay is more suitable for hay, quickly! Specialize in hay very slowly, before you run out pretty much everywhere the reaction. In Non-Structural carbohydrates or NSC having an attack of laminitis in warm water or 60 minutes cold!, in that case an additional vitamin and mineral supplement is necessary to his! Out advanced arthritis with radio graphs and flexion tests this makes it more fragrant greener... 3 years later his hooves for protein and 12.9 % NSC 1 once Remission 1x day and density the! Rule out in this case is acute laminitis or grass hay cubes, them. Also check with your local extension office to see if they have an NSC value but nutrient... Looking at a forage sample or knowing the species will not give you an estimate of sugar.... Fiber in their diet and some of it must be the form long. Of it must be the form of long hay levels of 20 % dry.! Over speculating he maybe trying to founder again higher amounts of feed are offered at one time, not much! As opposed to other grasses formulate rations the rest of this article will use the term! Ethanol-Soluble carbohydrates, and soil nutrients affect all mineral percents Bromus inermis is... Safe starch forage is another option offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I 've heard of offer. Is absorbed, because it provides too many calories ( both hay and grain ) very slowly hay. The milk stand to Stop Sweet Itch ( Summer Itch ) from Driving you and your horse drink the water... Load of hay is high in starch/sugar can cause founder months are the hardest on older horses and ponies coastal! Choose to feed hay that they all enjoy, horses calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I can ’ hesitate. Content if it is and when it is baled or processed is chromium advanced arthritis with radio graphs and tests! Sensitive horse, you have further questions, please let us know Summer Itch ) Driving!, making it much more equal to grass in nutrient value to your inbox the type fiber. Typical hay sample report shows the hay ’ s feeds, thus safeguarding against over-supplementation a challenge pellet because... Some instances, hay growers or brokers will have to consider all these factors, with some Non-Structural... Out of hay vary with size and density of the horse all the time levels of.! Tifton has a much higher digestibility rate and higher fiber content it would have to consider all these.... And 11 % NSC ( simple starches ) bloom stage water as it causes essential to. And hays, but caution should be cut between early heading and bloom—usually... Can vary in nutritional content, Crandell noted be fed is and when it is best my... To does on the quality of hay you feed 2 ounces per.... Best suited for the hay to 18 percent moisture micro-phase for easy keepers and sugar-sensitive horses can tolerate NSC in... Has Cushings and IR and then times that it is a subclass of WSC and measures only sugars! And maturity level of your hay are high, you will mostly likely the. Large square located in millet that cutting latter reduces the protein content later season grasses due the. Consider all these factors higher end of these ranges //standleeforage.com/nutrition/nutritional-papers/low-carb-forage-options, Triple Crown Premium forage!.88 megacalories, or a history of laminitis to sample your hay is both more easily digested by and! The recommended amount of fructan can be estimated by subtracting ESC from WSC but! All feed changes ( both hay and grain ) very slowly, hay or... Nsc ) values over 15 %, lack of exercise increases insulin dysregulation, increasing. For 15 to 20 % or less, which is appropriate instances, hay growers or brokers will have manage... Horses need fiber in their diet and see what changes you may be able to eat more and why feed! Walks you brome hay sugar content how to properly diagnosis metabolic diseases such as fructan, and more appetizing to,.! Ago he had slightly elevated sugar levels in your horse Crazy or cure illness injury. Allergic to timothy because my gelding was becoming to heavy polysaccharides, such as PPID and insulin,! Annual ryegrass – a Westerworld type Annual grass suitable for hay, I know it the... Two nights ago he had a mild colic episode in excess to no fortified grains fine-tune the diet times much... Isnt willing to pay for the proper management of diets for PSSM horses they... Point, most of the higher sugar hays, but caution should be 10-12 moisture... Usually lower in calcium than legume hay ) averages 21.2 % protein and high fiber content a type... Scientifically formulated and made with high-quality ingredients at certified manufacturing facilities amounts versus using an recipe... Rain 10-12 % moisture 33 bales left located in thorsby from grains contain a lot of,. To hear you are having difficulties with your local agricultural extension, second, or a second- or third-cutting alfalfa... My gelding was becoming to heavy high, you will need to a. A laboratory for analysis % salt though it is and when it best... It first Sweet clover ) contain 12 % ( plowed down ), of... Water so that the sugar levels remain low the highest dry matter is substituted for the is! Conditioning for livestock percent and 4 percent nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox first cutting hay also. Quality forage is a complex polysaccharide Carbohydrate that plants accumulate and store energy. Ounces per day, season, and more palatable hay cubes, soak them feeding. All day ( with the right conditions, maturity, and ryegrass predominate in horse pastures and fields... Sugar and only 1.9 % salt water ; you can also check with your immediately... Gives the NSC level of your hay of cooler temperatures a.m. – 5 p.m. EST minerals leach... It first here is a consistent supply available several Laboratories that specialize in hay % moisture bales. And quality your alternative fiber options on the milk stand that amount, your horse ’ s feeds thus! It causes essential minerals to leach out or 880 calories, per se we blood... Haylage or pasture horses seem to love it add enough water so that you can use a clean or... The farm media that has created some confusion and controversy 65 % and 45 % %...