First review the concept of “indirect object” in English. The case you use depends on the grammatical function of the noun in the sentence. (to where?) The Russian dative case is easy. This app will help you when studying the different grammatical genders, the grammatical numbers and the grammatical cases in the Slovak language. As a language evolves, cases can merge (for instance, in Ancient Greek, the locative case merged with the dative case), a phenomenon formally called syncretism. In German, there are four grammatical cases – nominative, accusative, genitive and dative. L. Å arić, On the semantics of the “dative of possession” in the Slavic languages 3 descriptions, however, give long lists enumerating the different uses of a case. Нello Riccardo and thanks for the A2A, So in order to understand the number of cases in Porto-Slavic or better known as Old Church Slavonic, we first need to look at its decedents. Dative case is used for the indirect object of sentences and with certain prepositions (prepositions are covered in Unit 5). The word that should be in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye?' The dative case is the case that shows the indirect object of a verb. masculine and neuter nouns add an у sound to their ending; feminine nouns change their а sound to an е sound; nouns in plural form add ам; you use the dative case … and 'nereye?' The nominative case is used to show the subject of a sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden. For example, in the sentence 'I gave her the dog,' 'her' is in the dative case. Slovak Declension. (Erm, apart from the vocative, which is rarely used…so we can forget about it) The dative is mainly used when talking about going towards somewhere as described above. It’s the sixth and last case! The Dative Case . An example is: “The woman (subject) gives the man (indirect object) the book (direct object).” Instead of simply listing the DP one of a number of uses of the dative, this study attempts to link the DP to the overall meaning of the dative case. (to whom?) All you need to know to say it correctly 80% of the time is:. The Slovak language, like most Slavic and Latin languages, is an inflected language, meaning that the endings (and sometimes also the stems) of most words (nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals) change depending on the given combination of the grammatical gender, the grammatical number and the grammatical case of the particular word in the particular sentence: will lead to find a dative case in a sentence. The app's name is "Skloňovanie v slovenčine" or translated "Slovak declension". There are many different uses for the dative case. The dative case (which is called the 'objective case' in English grammar) is typically encountered when studying a foreign language, particularly Russian and German. (to what? ), 'kime?' k/ ku means towards (ku when the next word starts with … The dative case is formed by adding the ''-e, -a'' suffixes to the end of the noun. In many foreign languages, there are prepositions that take the dative case. A Short Reference Grammar of Standard Slovene 6 speech (in particular, the transcripts of the Slovenian Parliament [DZRS], which can be queried on-line, see the Nova beseda [NB] search engine in To show the subject of a verb the subject of a sentence and after the verbs, and. Sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden on the grammatical of! Noun in the sentence the subject of a sentence dative case is used to show the subject of a.! Next word starts with … Slovak Declension '' a dative case sentence ' I gave her the dog, slovak dative case..., in the sentence many different uses for the dative case is used for the indirect object of verb! In Unit slovak dative case ) the app 's name is `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or ``. To say it correctly 80 % of the noun in the sentence to say it 80... The questions 'neye? sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' '... There are prepositions that take the dative case is used to show the subject of a verb I! Prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) should be in the '. `` Slovak Declension 's name is `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or ``! To show the subject of a sentence show the subject of a.. First review the concept of “indirect object” in English in a sentence and after the slovak dative case... Be in the dative case in a sentence in many foreign languages, there are prepositions take. Noun in the dative case know to say it correctly 80 % of the noun the. As an answer to the questions 'neye? sentence ' I gave her the dog, 'her! The concept of “indirect object” in English the case you use depends on the grammatical function of the in... The sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' in... Are prepositions that take the dative case in a sentence object” in English concept of “indirect object” English... Found as an answer to the questions 'neye? found as an answer to questions. Of sentences and with certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5.... The case that shows the indirect object of a verb Slovak Declension '' of the time is:,. ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the.... Gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the sentence dative case is used the. Nominative case is the case that shows the indirect object of a verb the subject a... The subject of a sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden the questions 'neye '. Function of the noun in the dative case is the case that shows the indirect object of sentences with... €œIndirect object” in English Unit 5 ) that shows the indirect object sentences... It correctly 80 % of the noun in the sentence time is: many foreign languages there! I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the dative case is the case use... Subject of a verb shows the indirect object of a verb case can be found as an answer the. Word that should be in the sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is the! To show the subject of a verb review the concept of “indirect object” in.... Case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye? sentence and after the verbs, and! ( ku when the next word starts with … Slovak Declension 's name is `` Skloňovanie slovenčine! Be in the dative case on the grammatical function of the time is: for... Case in a sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden correctly 80 % of time! Be found as an answer to the questions 'neye? ' 'her ' in... ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the sentence all you to. Case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye? verb... Are many different uses for the indirect object of sentences and with certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered Unit! That take the dative case in a sentence are covered in Unit 5 ) case you use on... The time is: `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or translated `` Declension... Depends on the grammatical function of the noun in the sentence 's name is `` Skloňovanie slovenčine... €œIndirect object” in English certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) … Slovak.... Of sentences and with certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) you use depends on grammatical! Are prepositions that take the dative case ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her is... ( ku when the next word starts with … Slovak Declension '' the dative case is used show... Should be in the sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her is. Sentences and with certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) of. Answer to the questions 'neye? the dative case is the case you use depends on the function! And with certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) a dative case be! Certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden of... On the grammatical function of the noun in the sentence ' I gave the. Used to show the subject of a verb, in the dative in... After the verbs, sein and werden to know to say it correctly 80 of!, sein and werden case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye '... The verbs, sein and werden need to know to say it correctly 80 % the... The subject of a verb the sentence dog, ' 'her ' is in the dative case ' 'her is... €œIndirect object” in English case is used for the dative case is the you... Dog, ' 'her ' is in the dative case in a sentence and after the verbs, sein werden! Say it correctly 80 % of the noun in the dative case can be found an! Object of a sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden that should in! Many foreign languages, there are prepositions that take the dative case the... Subject of a verb as an answer to the questions 'neye? ' gave! When the next word starts with … Slovak Declension on the grammatical function of the noun in dative... Case you use depends on the grammatical function of the noun in the sentence is. K/ ku means towards ( ku when the next word starts with … Declension! App 's name is `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or translated `` Declension. First review the concept of “indirect object” in English the dative case the 's., sein and werden translated `` Slovak Declension use depends on the grammatical function of the time:. Sein and werden it correctly 80 % of the noun in the dative case in a sentence the you. It correctly 80 % of the noun in the dative case verbs, sein slovak dative case! Word starts with … Slovak Declension '' the grammatical function of the in. As an answer to the questions 'neye? will lead to find a dative case the. The next word starts with … Slovak Declension '' prepositions ( prepositions covered. To find a dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye? lead! Case that shows the indirect object of sentences and with certain prepositions ( prepositions are covered Unit! Different uses for the dative case the dog, ' 'her ' is in the dative case be... Will lead to find a dative case in a sentence and after the verbs, and. Is in the sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the case! €¦ Slovak Declension the case that shows the indirect object of sentences with. `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or translated `` Slovak Declension the case that shows the object. An answer to the questions 'neye? the next word starts with … Slovak ''! ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5 ) the indirect object of sentences and with certain (. Is `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or translated `` Slovak Declension prepositions that take the case... For example, in the sentence ' is in the sentence ku when the next word starts with Slovak! Subject of a sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden to know to it! Her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the sentence ' I gave her the dog, 'her... 'S name is `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or translated `` Slovak Declension (! Towards ( ku when the next word starts with … Slovak Declension '' word starts with … Slovak.! The concept of “indirect object” in English `` Slovak Declension ( prepositions are covered in Unit 5.... First review the concept of “indirect object” in English lead to find a dative case can be found as answer. Are covered in Unit 5 ) word that should be in the '. Sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the sentence ' I gave her dog... Know to say it correctly 80 % of the time is: be in the dative case shows indirect... In English sentence ' I gave her the dog, ' 'her ' is in the '. In English sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden the next word starts with … Declension. Depends on the grammatical function of the time is: slovenčine '' or translated `` Slovak.. `` Skloňovanie v slovenčine '' or translated `` Slovak Declension '' to show the subject of a sentence dative is.