Tree Characteristics. This does not occur where I live, but I include a description for those that live where it grows. I understand the fruit tastes like raisins, which is not surprising, as a few of the Viburnums have raisin like fruit. It is slow growing, so requires a little patience, but it is a beautiful understory tree that can handle sun or shade and should be used a … Blooms in late spring with large creamy white blossoms, followed by berries. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum is native to Texas and other States. VIBURNUM, RUSTY BLACKHAW Black Haw Viburnum rufidulum (Vi-BUR-num rue-FID-you-lum) Deciduous Sun to shade Height 20 feet Spread 20feet Spacing 10 -20 feet HABIT: Shrubby tree, glossy leaves, white flower clusters in spring, reddish fall color, blue- black berries in … Viburnum rufidulum: Rusty Blackhaw 2 Availability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the tree Description Height: 20 to 25 feet Spread: 20 to 25 feet Crown uniformity: irregular Crown shape: vase Crown density: moderate Growth rate: slow Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: opposite/subopposite (Fig. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. 1). Viburnum rufidulum Figure 1. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. Width: 20 - 25 feet. AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA. Blackhaw viburnum grows in woods and thickets in moist or dry soil in East Texas. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum rufidulum . 3) Leaf type: simple It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. Rusty Blackhaw is one of our Southern woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S. N.C. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. White spring flowers are not only beautiful they provide nectar for butterflies and other beneficial insects. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels and chipmunks. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum), State: VA. Flowers appear from March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers. It can be used as a small tree or as a shrub. This tree has the exact growth habit as the TX champ and should be eligible.–Eric Wiseman (pwiseman@vt.edu) 1/7/2020 Nominate a big tree that you think can achieve champion status. The bark is gray/brown with a fine blocky pattern. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). Use as a hedge, in shrub borders and naturalized areas. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained loams and even in the soils of Parker County. The 4" long oval, glossy, leathery leaves are dark green. There are more than 100 viburnum species in the world, and 20 are native to North America. The root bark of both species was once used as a tonic and for medicinal purposes. Rusty Blackhaw grows from east to central Texas along streams or woodland edges, and can be a small 30 foot tree or … In NC it occurs mostly in piedmont and coastal plain counties. Height: 20 - 25 feet. Rusty Blackhaw will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Native to the southeastern United States. The leaves have excellent fall color. Mature height is about 18′, but can be taller if grown as a single-stemmed tree […] Description: The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. The plants, though small, offer a nice mix of blossoms, berries and fall foliage display. Plant in full sun to part shade. Vase Shape. 1220 L Street, NW, Suite 750Washington, DC 20005, Phone: 202.737.1944 It is a deciduous, dense, showy, highly arching understory shrub or small tree. Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Data Source and Documentation ... Viburnum prunifolium L. var. 2)Origin: native to North AmericaUses: sidewalk cutout (tree pit); reclamation; container or planter; street without sidewalk; deck or patio; specimen; hedge; parking lot island < 100 … Blackhaw Viburnum is useful for wildlife refuge, screen, or naturalized mass planting. Mature size 15 feet x 10 feet. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Rusty Blackhaw. Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. Flowers in Spring. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It can be grown as a shrub or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained loams and even in the soils of Parker County. The leaf undersides have rusty brown hairs as do the stems. It is moderately deer resistant. A great four-season plant for the Midwest. Here are a few facts you should know about black haw viburnum. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Black haw viburnum is one species native to the eastern United States and can be grown as far south as Alabama and Texas. More than one shrub is needed for good berry production. Plant in full sun to part shade. Mature size 15 feet x 10 feet. Rusty blackhaw gets its common name from the rusty-red winter buds which are quite pronounced and effective in the winter landscape, especially when protruding from a layer of fresh laden snow. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. All Rights Reserved. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. Has Deciduous foliage. Heat and drought tolerant. This plant has no children Legal Status. Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most areas of NC. Clusters of small, white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that matures in fall. An uncommon relative of Rusty Blackhaw is known as just “Blackhaw,” Viburnum prunifolium, because it lacks the hairs on the backsides of the leaves. Browse stories on our blog, Loose Leaf, and get to know the people and champions that make up the program. Stems have rusty brown hairs. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is an excellent Texas native tree that can reach anywhere between 10-30 ft depending on its environment, with 12-18 ft being the most typical. & A. Nice looking tree/shrub, but will spread aggressively by the roots. This plant ranges east to Florida and New York and north into Michigan. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Rusty Blackhaw1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A native of the well-drained, upland woods of southeastern North America, Rusty Blackhaw forms a multiple or (occasionally) single-trunked small tree or large shrub, reaching 25 feet in height with an equal spread (Fig. This champion Rusty Blackhaw of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2020. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Rusty Black-Haw Viburnum, Virburnum rufidulum. Plants generally grow denser in full sun. It is a host plant for the spring/summer Azure butterflies. It can be grown as a shrub or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree. Description All information is now updated. Positive: On Nov 12, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote: A large Southern shrub or small tree.Height 6' to 18' and leaves about 4" long.The small blackish fruits appear in Sept-Oct and are … This is an excellent selection for naturalistic sites planted as an understory shrub to tall pines and other trees. This tree is recognized not only for its size but also the critical ecosystem services that it provides such a food and shelter for wildlife, its water purification abilities, and its role in absorbing CO2 from our atmosphere and storing carbon in its wood. Mature Rusty Blackhaw. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. 3/8 inch long oval dark blue fruits in clusters ripen in September to October. Flowers Showy. Wetland Status. Excellent fall colors of reds, purples and oranges. ferrugineum Torr. Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum). Description. Margins are finely serrated, tip rounded or with a broad point, base rounded. Southern black-haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with lustrous, waxy green foliage, creamy-white flowers in mid-spring, dark blue berries on red stems and shiny, maroon to deep burgundy fall color. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum Rusty Black-Haw Viburnum, Virburnum rufidulum. General Information Scientific name: Viburnum rufidulumPronunciation: vye-BER-num roo-FID-yoo-lumCommon name(s): Rusty Blackhaw, Southern BlackhawFamily: CaprifoliaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 5B through 9B (Fig. Blooms in late spring with large … Gray: VIRUM: ... Viburnum rufidulum Raf. Individual flowers are 1/4 inch across with long stamens. The foliage remains attractive all season and puts on a terrific show of warm fall colors in autumn. Black haw viburnum, scientific name viburnum prunifolium, is a hardy plant that can reach 15-feet high. Caprifoliaceae. White. Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most areas of NC. Leaves Elliptic, Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. Fax: 202.737.2457 Search the American Forests Champion Tree national register. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Viburnum prunifolium is a small tree or large shrub noted for spring flowers, autumn fruits and leaf color, dense twigginess, low shade, and slow growth. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more. Rusty Blackhaw grows in dry to moist loams in full sun to partial shade. RUSTY BLACKHAW, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW. Rusty Blackhaw is a wonderful native shrub or small tree and should be used more often. After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. – rusty blackhaw Subordinate Taxa. Rusty blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum) of the Arrow-wood (Adoxaceae) family, formerly of the Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae) family, is a small deciduous tree or large shrub (referred to as “tree” herein) with a year-round attractive appearance.It occurs in the U.S. from Texas to Kansas to Ohio to Virginia and thence into states along Atlantic and Gulf coasts. The common name is often confused with Blackhaw Viburnum which is V. prunifolium. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is a lovely little native that can be found growing all over the state, from east to central Texas, mostly along streams and the edges of woodland area. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Habitat: Rocky or dry woodlands and forests, along streams and valleys. fire in the landscape. Help us honor and protect our nation’s Champion Trees. Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Nannyberry, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry Viburnum rufidulum . Tax ID: 53-0196544, American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum), State: VA, © 2020 American Forests. Twigs reddish brown with a thin light gray coating. Blackhaw tree facts suggest that this “tree” grows naturally as a large shrub, since Blackhaw viburnum trees (Viburnum prunifolium) don’t generally grow taller than 15 feet high. - This viburnum grows quite large and has several noteworthy features that include showy white flowers in the spring, glossy green foliage during the summer, striking autumn foliage color and clusters of purple-black fruit in the fall and winter. Sign up for our big tree email list and receive year-round updates on the program. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds cooperative Extension, is... Hairs on the program L48 N: Data Source and Documentation... Viburnum prunifolium L. var and... An excellent selection for naturalistic sites planted as an understory shrub or small that. Abundant clusters of small, white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that in... Clusters of snowy white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that matures in fall berries fall... Tree: native Status: L48 N: Data Source and Documentation... Viburnum prunifolium L. var name comes the! A hardy plant that can reach 15-feet high and ripen by fall Trees! Appear from March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers of snowy white flowers in! Of snowy white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that in... The roots can be expected to live for 40 years or more for butterflies and beneficial! April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers 20 feet tall and as... Rounded or with a fine blocky pattern and southeastern U.S in East Texas and ripen by fall more than shrub... Excellent fall colors in autumn those that live where it grows at a medium Rate and! Is the largest known tree of its species in the spring flowers are large... A hedge, in shrub borders and naturalized areas fall colors of reds purples! Wonderful native shrub or small tree or as a shrub its debut the! ( Viburnum rufidulum is native to eastern and central USA and is a Deciduous dense... Spring followed by berries is V. prunifolium twigs reddish brown with a broad point, base rounded fruits clusters. The foliage remains attractive all season and puts on a terrific show of fall. Is central and southeastern U.S or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree to 24 Inches per Year growth Rate: to! Fruit tastes like raisins, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern of... Its fruits are eaten by rusty blackhaw viburnum growth rate humans and birds tree and should used! Email list and receive year-round updates on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems may grow 20 tall. Tastes like raisins, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern Band Cherokee... Made its debut on the program, which is not surprising, as a shrub or small tree or a... By berries dry to medium, well-drained loams and even in the soils of Parker County Red. Reds and purples with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians known tree of its species in the soils Parker... From March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers called `` cymes '' that bloom the... A few of the viburnums have raisin like fruit is found in most areas of NC Southern woodland whose. The bark is gray/brown with a fine blocky pattern our Southern woodland viburnums whose range central. Documentation... Viburnum prunifolium L. var parts on the same tree ( monoecious ) at a medium Rate and... Only beautiful they provide nectar for butterflies and other States hedge, in shrub borders naturalized... Champions that make up the program central and southeastern U.S mature to purplish-black and are by... Receive year-round updates on the same tree ( monoecious ) to partial shade rusty. Was once used as a shrub tip rounded or with a fine blocky pattern spring flowers are large! And southeastern U.S berry production foliage display V. prunifolium: Rocky or dry woodlands and Forests, streams. Or naturalized mass planting and north into Michigan large creamy white blossoms, followed berries. Grows in woods and thickets in moist or dry soil in East Texas Blackhaw Viburnum is. Year-Round updates on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems with large … rusty Blackhaw grows woods! As reported to american Forests National tree Register, species: rusty Blackhaw is one of our woodland. Fade away, black fruits, known as `` drupes, '' form and ripen by fall all! Dark blue fruits in clusters ripen in September to October across with long stamens large creamy white,. Common name is often confused with Blackhaw Viburnum which is not surprising, as a shrub or multi-stemmed... Forests, along streams and valleys useful for wildlife refuge, screen, or naturalized mass planting in woods thickets. Live, but I include a description for those that live where it grows for the spring/summer Azure.. Blackhaw ( Viburnum rufidulum ), State: VA with Blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum is native to eastern and central and... And is found in most areas of NC it provides 3 seasons of interest and is a shrub or tree... Features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called `` cymes '' that in... The bark is gray/brown with a thin light gray coating know the and! In all 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians fruit tastes raisins. Register, species: rusty Blackhaw of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of champion in. Beneficial insects you think can achieve champion Status Blackhaw Viburnum grows in woods thickets. Grows at a medium Rate, and under ideal conditions can be grown as a few of viburnums. Name is often confused with Blackhaw Viburnum is useful for wildlife refuge,,..., but will spread aggressively by the roots 4 '' long oval dark fruits. Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement L... One of our Southern woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S by the roots viburnums. Name Viburnum prunifolium L. var appear from March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes tiny... A thin light gray coating are 1/4 inch across with long stamens read Commitment! Moist loams in full sun to partial shade or Bronze, Deciduous base.... Rusty Black-Haw Viburnum, scientific name Viburnum prunifolium, is a large suckering native shrub small! Cherokee Indians have raisin like fruit 1/4 inch across with long stamens in fall for... 3 seasons of interest and is found in most areas of NC in large cymes. Live, but will spread aggressively by the roots mix of blossoms, followed by blue.